Letter Knowledge – Kindergarten Reading Standards: Foundational Skills

Reading Standards: Foundational Skills (K–5)

Print Concepts 1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. a. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page. b. Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters. c. Understand that words are separated by spaces in print. d. Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet

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Common Core Standard K.1.D

English Language Arts Standards » Reading: Foundational Skills » Kindergarten » 1 » d

says all students must Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.


MYTH: My child can sing the alphabet song so they know all their letters.

The alphabet song does introduce students to the letters but recognizing letters requires students use a one to one correspondence.

According to Critical Components in Early Literacy — Knowledge of the Letters of the Alphabet and Phonics Instruction from The Florida Reading Quarterly — Vol. 38, No. 2, December 2001

The single best predictor of first-year reading achievement is the child’s knowledge of and the ability to recognize and name the upper- and lower- case letters of the alphabet (Adams, 1990; Honig, 1996; Riley, 1996). Stahl (1997) found that knowledge is still the strongest predictor of reading success in fourth grade. A child with automatic, accurate recognition of letters will have an easier time learning about letter sounds and word spellings than a child who does not know the letters of the alphabet.”

The first step to recognizing letters in the alphabet is for children to point to individual letters.

Montana Bear School Letter Knowledge Challenge #1

Can you sing the alphabet song with us?


Montana Bear School Letter Knowledge Challenge #2

Can you pick out the letters in your name?


Here’s April Bear picking the letters in the other bear names.

Can your child find the letters in their name? Simply write the alphabet on a piece of paper and have your child touch each letter in their name with their finger.


Using Magnet Letters for letter knowledge

Using letter cards or magnets for your child to pick out the letters in their name. Magnet letters work great for this project. Or you could write them on index cards.

Montana Bear School Letter Knowledge Challenge #3

Can you spell your name?


Montana Bear School Letter Knowledge Challenge #4

Can you find the letters in your last name?

I like to start with the letters in a child’s name but then you can move on to parents or relatives names like Mom, Papa, Nanny, Auntie, etc.

Matching letters is another way for children to build letter knowledge skills.

Montana Bear School Letter Knowledge Challenge #5

Can you match your letters?

Here’s what it should look like when it’s done:



Other sources of Letter Knowledge activities parents can do at home include:

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